The integration of internet in our lives is nothing less than extraordinary. In less than a decade, the internet has revolutionized how we communicate, consume content, and shop. With such a sudden surge of internet and technology, there is a need for users to inform themselves with certain unfamiliar terms, phrases and terminologies. It’s always good to be updated with the digital sphere, after all, it’s here to stay!
Some of these terms we’re going to mention are self-explanatory; however, some of them will be new and obscure. At ACT Fibernet, we believe it’s our duty to inform people of these terminologies that can help improve their digital experience. The following terms are the ones that you will frequently come across when using the internet:
Every connection on the internet has a unique IP (Internet Protocol) address that identifies a computer or hardware connected to the internet. For instance, every phone number is unique so that people can identify who’s calling, IP addresses are no different. IP addresses are a set of four numbers which are separated by dots (xxx.xx.xx.x where x is a number).
Bit vs Bytes
Bit and Bytes are both measures of data; however, it’s a common practice to see them being used interchangeably. Bit is the smallest unit of information and can only store either of two values viz. 0 or 1. Typically, connection speeds are measured in bits while data sizes are measured in bytes. A byte is eights times bigger than a bit.
Kbps, Mbps, Gbps
The data rate of a network is measured in bits per second (bps).
Kbps – One kilobit per second is equal to 1,000 bits per second (bps). It is also written as Kb/sec, Kb/s, or kbps.
Mbps – One megabit per second or 1mbps equals to 1000 kbps or one million bits per second. It can also be expressed as Mbps, Mb/s or Mb/sec.
Gbps – Gbps also known as Gb/s or Gb/sec refers to one gigabit per second and is equal to 1000 Mbps.
Router vs Modem
Router and Modem are two terms that are often used interchangeably but have entirely different roles to fulfil. A modem is an inter-networking device that establishes and maintains the connection with the ISP and converts the signal to and from the router. A router, on the other hand, is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks. It directs data in a network, passes them between a device (computer, mobile, laptop etc.) and the modem. A modem can work without a router, but a router cannot connect to the internet without a modem. Furthermore, a modem can only connect to one device – either a router or a PC; while a router can connect to multiple devices in a network.
FUP (Fair Usage Policy) is a set of rules that are typically applied by an internet service provider, which restricts the ways in which their network is used. In broadband industry, FUP limits are often used to describe capping of bandwidth after a user’s plan is exhausted. It is done to prevent heavy users from using available bandwidth.
GB refers to gigabyte, where 1 GB is equal to 1,024 megabytes. Here, GB refers to the storage and also the data transmission for an internet plan. 1 GB of internet usage is roughly equal to watching 300 minutes of YouTube videos (depends on the quality) or streaming 34 hours of music on your favourite music app.
ISP or Internet Service Provider is the company that provides access to the internet using their communication equipment. All internet connections are routed through an ISP, and hence the choice of ISP will affect the internet experience. ISPs provide connection through various mediums such as broadband, fiber, and more. We bring the latest and most advanced fiber optic technology to homes and businesses in Delhi to provide a fully-dedicated internet connection.
The Internet is vast, and there is so much to learn about it every day. With so many terms and phrases, keeping yourself updated and informed is a good practice, especially if you spend much time online. As an ISP that offers the most consistent and an unparalleled internet experience for its customers in Delhi, we, at ACT Fibernet believe in transparency and are committed to educating people about the internet.
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